GK Questions (Static GK GS): 25 Questions and Answers from Geography

First published on: 2019-12-10 Written by Competition Mirror Team Geography


Q. 1: India is mainly composed of three geological units. What are these three units?

Answer: 1. Peninsular plateau, 2. Himalayas, 3. Indus Ganga Brahmaputra Plain

Q. 2: Why is the ancient plateau in the southern part of India called the peninsular plateau?

Answer: Due to being surrounded by the sea in three directions

Q. 3: The peninsular plateau of India is made up of a main plate of crust. What is the name of this plate?

Answer: Indo-Australian Plate

Q. 4: The peninsular plateau of India is believed to have been formed in which period?

Answer: Pre-Cambrian Era

Q. 5: The flat land of the peninsular plateau of India is compared to which topography?

Answer: It is compared with a “Hoarst” topography

Q.6: Where do the examples of block-faulting and vertical movements on India's peninsular plateau found?

Answer:  1. Fault basins of Narmada and Tapti rivers and, 2. Satpura Range

Q. 7: Satpura is considered an example of which type of mountain?

Answer: Block Mountain

Q. 8: What are the residual mountains found in India?

Answer: Aravalli, Nallamala Hills, Javadi Hills, Velikonda Hills, Palkonda Hills, Mahendragiri Peak

Q. 9: The Indian Plate or India Plate is considered a part of which ancient continent?

Answer: Gondwana Land

Q. 10: Himalaya is an example of which type of mountain?

Answer: Young Folded Mountain

Q. 11: According to geologists, the Himalaya Mountain was formed approximately how many years ago?

Answer: Around 6 to 7 million years ago

Q. 12: According to geologists, at what time was the Himalayan Mountain formed?

Answer: Mesozoic Era

Q. 13: According to geologists, the Himalayas are supposed to have emerged out of the Himalayan Geosyncline trough. What name has been given to this?

Answer: Tethys Sea

Q. 14: By which name was the landmass lying north of the Tethys Sea known?

Answer: Angaraland

Q. 15: By which name was the landmass lying south of the Tethys Sea known?

Answer: Gondwanaland

Q. 16: Which theory related to the formation of the Himalayan Mountains is considered the most valid?

Answer: Plate Tectonics Theory

Q. 17: Geosyncline concept is related to the origin of which part of India?

Answer: Formation of Himalayas

Q. 18: According to geologists, which two plates collided to form the Himalayan Mountains?

Answer: Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate

Q. 19: According to geological surveys, the Himalayas were formed in how many stages?

Answer: Three main stages

Q. 20: What shape is the northern plain of India?

Answer: Crescent

Q. 21: What is the geographical extension of India's northern plains?

Answer: From the Indus River delta in the west to the Ganges Delta in the east

Q. 22: Formation of the northern plains of India is still going on, where is the proof of this found?

Answer: From the ever-increasing delta of the Sundarbans

Q. 23: What is the shape of peninsular plateau?

Answer: Triangular

Q. 24: What is the shape of Himalayas?

Answer: Arc shape

Q. 25: Which types of rock are mostly found in the peninsular plateau and Himalaya Mountains respectively?

Answer: Igneous Rock in the Peninsular Plateau and Sedimentary Rock in the Himalayan Mountains

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