GK Questions (Static GK GS): 25 Questions and Answers from Geography
Q. 1: India is mainly composed of three geological units. What are these three units?
Answer: 1. Peninsular plateau, 2. Himalayas, 3. Indus Ganga Brahmaputra Plain
Q. 2: Why is the ancient plateau in the southern part of India called the peninsular plateau?
Answer: Due to being surrounded by the sea in three directions
Q. 3: The peninsular plateau of India is made up of a main plate of crust. What is the name of this plate?
Answer: Indo-Australian Plate
Q. 4: The peninsular plateau of India is believed to have been formed in which period?
Answer: Pre-Cambrian Era
Q. 5: The flat land of the peninsular plateau of India is compared to which topography?
Answer: It is compared with a “Hoarst” topography
Q.6: Where do the examples of block-faulting and vertical movements on India's peninsular plateau found?
Answer: 1. Fault basins of Narmada and Tapti rivers and, 2. Satpura Range
Q. 7: Satpura is considered an example of which type of mountain?
Answer: Block Mountain
Q. 8: What are the residual mountains found in India?
Answer: Aravalli, Nallamala Hills, Javadi Hills, Velikonda Hills, Palkonda Hills, Mahendragiri Peak
Q. 9: The Indian Plate or India Plate is considered a part of which ancient continent?
Answer: Gondwana Land
Q. 10: Himalaya is an example of which type of mountain?
Answer: Young Folded Mountain
Q. 11: According to geologists, the Himalaya Mountain was formed approximately how many years ago?
Answer: Around 6 to 7 million years ago
Q. 12: According to geologists, at what time was the Himalayan Mountain formed?
Answer: Mesozoic Era
Q. 13: According to geologists, the Himalayas are supposed to have emerged out of the Himalayan Geosyncline trough. What name has been given to this?
Answer: Tethys Sea
Q. 14: By which name was the landmass lying north of the Tethys Sea known?
Q. 15: By which name was the landmass lying south of the Tethys Sea known?
Q. 16: Which theory related to the formation of the Himalayan Mountains is considered the most valid?
Answer: Plate Tectonics Theory
Q. 17: Geosyncline concept is related to the origin of which part of India?
Answer: Formation of Himalayas
Q. 18: According to geologists, which two plates collided to form the Himalayan Mountains?
Answer: Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate
Q. 19: According to geological surveys, the Himalayas were formed in how many stages?
Answer: Three main stages
Q. 20: What shape is the northern plain of India?
Q. 21: What is the geographical extension of India's northern plains?
Answer: From the Indus River delta in the west to the Ganges Delta in the east
Q. 22: Formation of the northern plains of India is still going on, where is the proof of this found?
Answer: From the ever-increasing delta of the Sundarbans
Q. 23: What is the shape of peninsular plateau?
Q. 24: What is the shape of Himalayas?
Answer: Arc shape
Q. 25: Which types of rock are mostly found in the peninsular plateau and Himalaya Mountains respectively?
Answer: Igneous Rock in the Peninsular Plateau and Sedimentary Rock in the Himalayan Mountains
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